Nuh (Noah) `alayhis salam
The name of the Prophet Nuh `alayhis salam has been mentioed in the Qur’aan
forty-five times. Let us recall some of the aayaat and soorahs that mention his name; then we will follow up with a recollection
of selections from the history of his guidance in his call to Allaah. Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala says (what means):
"And indeed We sent Nuh to his people, and he stayed among them a thousand
years less fifty years, and the deluge overtook them while they were wrong-doers." (Al-`Ankaboot 29:14)
Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala also says (what means): "Verily, We sent Nuh
to his people (saying): ‘Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.’ He said, ‘O my
people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you.’" (Nuh 71:1-2)
And so came to pass a tradition by Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala, in which
the propagation faced trials, ordeals etc. Along with that there were barriers put up by the enemies of Allaah, as a means
of standing in the way of the call to monotheism and towards its callers. This is the long history of humankind from the time
of the Prophet Nuh `alayhis salam to our present day; full of dedicated powers standing in the path of the da`wah to Allaah,
subhanahu wa ta`ala, publicly being insurgent and intimidating, without shame, or discretion. Prophet Nuh (`alayhis salam)
had stayed among his people a very long time – that none but a very few believed his call. So the rest were taken away
by the flood, as they were wrong-doers.
Nuh `alayhis salam underwent a long struggle, affirming the reality of
faith, forbearance, and steadfast struggle. It is, therefore, upon the caller to Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala to follow the
lesson of his example; confronting difficulty in pursuing the struggle in making Allaah’s word supreme, regardless of
the difficulty and the necessary effort.
Ibraheem `alayhis salam
Indeed the Prophet Ibraheem `alayhis salam was a true Muslim, avoiding
any creed except that of Al-Islaam (submitting onseself to Allaah only, and following His commands), and believing that Islaam
is the first and final message to the whole of humanity. This was also the belief of those who succeeded him from among his
progeny: Isma`eel `alayhis salam, Ishaaq `alayhis salam, Ya`qoob `alayhis salam, and al-asbaat (the twelve descendants of
Jacob who are the twelve tribes of Israel). They pased this creed on to the Prophet Musa `alayhis salam and `Eesa `alayhis
salam, and the matter finally concluded with the Muslim descendents of Ibraheem `alayhis salam.
The story of Ibraheem `alayhis salam in the Noble Qur’aan shows us
that the orderly conduct of living, the manner of morals, and principles of behavior and ethics cannot be implemented and
firmly upheld except if the `aqeedah (creed) connects the spirt with the body.
Indeed, Ibraheem `alayhis salam was atthe peak of his youth when Allaah
subhanahu wa ta`ala gave him maturity and adulthood, as he denouned the worshipping of idols by destroying them. Thus, he
observed with his mind and heart, and with consciousness and wisdom to their gods (idols); he ridiculed and mocked them, and
finally broke them up into little pieces. Not only that, but he also ridiculed the mentality of the people, and opposed them,
saying (what means),
"Fie upon you, and upon that which you worship besides Allaah! Have you
then no nsense?" (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:67)
Thereafter, they were overtaken by pride which lead them to offense, just
as it always does the tyrna oppresonrs and the powerless alike, when they have no proof. So, they resort to outrageous, tyrannical
force, and severe punishment, as they said,
"Burn him! (Ibraheem), and give victory to your gods, if you will do so."
But, the mercy of Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala and His help for those who
call others to Him, totally voided their sayings and nullified their plan (to throw Ibraheem into a blazing fire). Allaah
subhanahu wa ta`ala says (what means):
"We (Allah) said: ‘O fire! Be coolness and safety for Ibraheem’.
So, take a good look at "the father of prophets". He suffered, but was
patient; and was gifted, so in return he was thankful; hence the generous end (of this conflict) was befitting to him, and
for his "sabrun jameel" (graceful patience). From his progeny, the best of nations were sent out to the people, guding with
the Command of Allaah, and establishing Allaah’s legislature upon guidance and light. So, similar action must be displayed
by the people of da`wah; to be patient in the face of rejection, and in suffering for its sake. And by all means must they
hold steadfast to the haqq (truth), whatever the price or sacrifice may be.
Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala says (what means):
And indeed We bestowed aforetime on Ibrāhim (Abraham) his (portion of)
guidance, and We were Well-Acquainted with him (as to his Belief in the Oneness of Allāh, etc.).
When he said to his father and his people: "What are these images, to which
you are devoted?"
They said:"We found our fathers worshipping them."
He said: "Indeed you and your fathers have been in manifest error."
They said: "Have you brought us the truth, or are you one of those who
He said: "Nay, your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who
created them and of that I am one of the witnesses.
"And by Allāh, I shall plot a plan (to destroy) your idols after you have
gone away and turned your backs."
So he broke them to pieces, (all) except the biggest of them, that they
might turn to it.
They said: "Who has done this to our āliha (gods)? He must indeed be one
of the wrong-doers."
They said: "We heard a young man talking (against) them who is called Ibrāhim
They said: "Then bring him before the eyes of the people, that they may
They said: "Are you the one who has done this to our gods, O Ibrāhim (Abraham)?"
[Ibrāhim (Abraham)] said: "Nay, this one, the biggest of them (idols) did
it. Ask them, if they can speak!"
So they turned to themselves and said: "Verily, you are the Zālimūn (polytheists
Then they turned to themselves (their first thought and said): "Indeed
you [Ibrāhim (Abraham)] know well that these (idols) speak not!"
[Ibrāhim (Abraham)] said: "Do you then worship besides Allāh, things that
can neither profit you, nor harm you?
"Fie upon you, and upon that which you worship besides Allāh! Have you
then no sense?"
They said: "Burn him and help your āliha (gods), if you will be doing."
We (Allāh) said: "O fire! Be you coolness and safety for Ibrāhim (Abraham)!"
And they wanted to harm him, but We made them the worst losers.
And We rescued him and Lout (Lot) to the land which We have blessed for
the 'Alamīn (mankind and jinns).
And We bestowed upon him Ishāque (Isaac), and (a grandson) Ya'qūb (Jacob).
Each one We made righteous.
And We made them leaders, guiding (mankind) by Our Command, and We inspired
in them the doing of good deeds, performing Salāt (Iqāmat-as-Salāt), and the giving of Zakāt and of Us (Alone) they were worshippers.
(Soorah Al-Anbiyaa 51:73)
And after this declaration it is of no strangeness that we see such great
praise by Allaah subhanahu wa ta`alaa by making him (Ibraheem) the father of the prophets, an example for those who follow
the truth, and a leader of the messengers. He is also chosen from among the messengers for friendship (Ibraheem is sometimes
referred to as Khaleelullah, or al-Khaleel, meaning the friend of Allaah) and virtue, and from him does the tree of prophethood
branch out. He is symbolic of eemaan (faith). He was tested through suffering and was patient, and was given victory, so he
was thankful. Hence, he was a loyal and faithful servant of Allaah. So Allaah made him an ummah (solely) (a model; pattern;
example for imitation; but the idea that he was an ummah himself, standing alone against his world, should not be lost sight
of), and took him as a khaleel (friend). Allaah subhanahu wa ta`aala says (what means):
"Ibraheem was indeed a model, devoutly obedient to Allaah, and true in
faith, and he joined not gods with Allaah."
Allaah also says what means:
"And Allaah did take Ibraheem as a friend." So, o callers to Islaam, answer
the call of your father Ibraheem concerning mankind (what means):
"O my Lord, they have indeed led astray many among mankind, but whoever
follows me, is verily of me, and whoever disobeys me – still you are indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Ibraheem
Therefore, be patient, forbear, persevere, invite, despair not, and fear
Allaah so that you may succeed.