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The Callers to Allah: Nuh and Ibrahim, 'alayhum as salam

The Callers to Allah: Nuh and Ibrahim, 'alayhum as salam
 
Dr. Saalih ibn Ghaanim al-Sadlaan
 

Nuh (Noah) `alayhis salam

The name of the Prophet Nuh `alayhis salam has been mentioed in the Qur’aan forty-five times. Let us recall some of the aayaat and soorahs that mention his name; then we will follow up with a recollection of selections from the history of his guidance in his call to Allaah. Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala says (what means):

"And indeed We sent Nuh to his people, and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years, and the deluge overtook them while they were wrong-doers." (Al-`Ankaboot 29:14)

Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala also says (what means): "Verily, We sent Nuh to his people (saying): ‘Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.’ He said, ‘O my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you.’" (Nuh 71:1-2)

And so came to pass a tradition by Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala, in which the propagation faced trials, ordeals etc. Along with that there were barriers put up by the enemies of Allaah, as a means of standing in the way of the call to monotheism and towards its callers. This is the long history of humankind from the time of the Prophet Nuh `alayhis salam to our present day; full of dedicated powers standing in the path of the da`wah to Allaah, subhanahu wa ta`ala, publicly being insurgent and intimidating, without shame, or discretion. Prophet Nuh (`alayhis salam) had stayed among his people a very long time – that none but a very few believed his call. So the rest were taken away by the flood, as they were wrong-doers.

Nuh `alayhis salam underwent a long struggle, affirming the reality of faith, forbearance, and steadfast struggle. It is, therefore, upon the caller to Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala to follow the lesson of his example; confronting difficulty in pursuing the struggle in making Allaah’s word supreme, regardless of the difficulty and the necessary effort.

Ibraheem `alayhis salam

Indeed the Prophet Ibraheem `alayhis salam was a true Muslim, avoiding any creed except that of Al-Islaam (submitting onseself to Allaah only, and following His commands), and believing that Islaam is the first and final message to the whole of humanity. This was also the belief of those who succeeded him from among his progeny: Isma`eel `alayhis salam, Ishaaq `alayhis salam, Ya`qoob `alayhis salam, and al-asbaat (the twelve descendants of Jacob who are the twelve tribes of Israel). They pased this creed on to the Prophet Musa `alayhis salam and `Eesa `alayhis salam, and the matter finally concluded with the Muslim descendents of Ibraheem `alayhis salam.

The story of Ibraheem `alayhis salam in the Noble Qur’aan shows us that the orderly conduct of living, the manner of morals, and principles of behavior and ethics cannot be implemented and firmly upheld except if the `aqeedah (creed) connects the spirt with the body.

Indeed, Ibraheem `alayhis salam was atthe peak of his youth when Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala gave him maturity and adulthood, as he denouned the worshipping of idols by destroying them. Thus, he observed with his mind and heart, and with consciousness and wisdom to their gods (idols); he ridiculed and mocked them, and finally broke them up into little pieces. Not only that, but he also ridiculed the mentality of the people, and opposed them, saying (what means),

"Fie upon you, and upon that which you worship besides Allaah! Have you then no nsense?" (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:67)

Thereafter, they were overtaken by pride which lead them to offense, just as it always does the tyrna oppresonrs and the powerless alike, when they have no proof. So, they resort to outrageous, tyrannical force, and severe punishment, as they said,

"Burn him! (Ibraheem), and give victory to your gods, if you will do so." (Al-`Anbiyaa’ 21:68)

But, the mercy of Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala and His help for those who call others to Him, totally voided their sayings and nullified their plan (to throw Ibraheem into a blazing fire). Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala says (what means):

"We (Allah) said: ‘O fire! Be coolness and safety for Ibraheem’. (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:69)

So, take a good look at "the father of prophets". He suffered, but was patient; and was gifted, so in return he was thankful; hence the generous end (of this conflict) was befitting to him, and for his "sabrun jameel" (graceful patience). From his progeny, the best of nations were sent out to the people, guding with the Command of Allaah, and establishing Allaah’s legislature upon guidance and light. So, similar action must be displayed by the people of da`wah; to be patient in the face of rejection, and in suffering for its sake. And by all means must they hold steadfast to the haqq (truth), whatever the price or sacrifice may be.

Allaah subhanahu wa ta`ala says (what means):

 

And indeed We bestowed aforetime on Ibr‚him (Abraham) his (portion of) guidance, and We were Well-Acquainted with him (as to his Belief in the Oneness of All‚h, etc.).

When he said to his father and his people: "What are these images, to which you are devoted?"

They said:"We found our fathers worshipping them."

He said: "Indeed you and your fathers have been in manifest error."

They said: "Have you brought us the truth, or are you one of those who play about?"

He said: "Nay, your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who created them and of that I am one of the witnesses.

"And by All‚h, I shall plot a plan (to destroy) your idols after you have gone away and turned your backs."

So he broke them to pieces, (all) except the biggest of them, that they might turn to it.

They said: "Who has done this to our ‚liha (gods)? He must indeed be one of the wrong-doers."

They said: "We heard a young man talking (against) them who is called Ibr‚him (Abraham)."

They said: "Then bring him before the eyes of the people, that they may testify."

They said: "Are you the one who has done this to our gods, O Ibr‚him (Abraham)?"

[Ibr‚him (Abraham)] said: "Nay, this one, the biggest of them (idols) did it. Ask them, if they can speak!"[]

So they turned to themselves and said: "Verily, you are the Z‚limŻn (polytheists and wrong-doers)."

Then they turned to themselves (their first thought and said): "Indeed you [Ibr‚him (Abraham)] know well that these (idols) speak not!"

[Ibr‚him (Abraham)] said: "Do you then worship besides All‚h, things that can neither profit you, nor harm you?

"Fie upon you, and upon that which you worship besides All‚h! Have you then no sense?"

They said: "Burn him and help your ‚liha (gods), if you will be doing."

We (All‚h) said: "O fire! Be you coolness and safety for Ibr‚him (Abraham)!"

And they wanted to harm him, but We made them the worst losers.

And We rescued him and Lout (Lot) to the land which We have blessed for the 'AlamÓn (mankind and jinns).

And We bestowed upon him Ish‚que (Isaac), and (a grandson) Ya'qŻb (Jacob). Each one We made righteous.

And We made them leaders, guiding (mankind) by Our Command, and We inspired in them the doing of good deeds, performing Sal‚t (Iq‚mat-as-Sal‚t), and the giving of Zak‚t and of Us (Alone) they were worshippers.

(Soorah Al-Anbiyaa 51:73)

And after this declaration it is of no strangeness that we see such great praise by Allaah subhanahu wa ta`alaa by making him (Ibraheem) the father of the prophets, an example for those who follow the truth, and a leader of the messengers. He is also chosen from among the messengers for friendship (Ibraheem is sometimes referred to as Khaleelullah, or al-Khaleel, meaning the friend of Allaah) and virtue, and from him does the tree of prophethood branch out. He is symbolic of eemaan (faith). He was tested through suffering and was patient, and was given victory, so he was thankful. Hence, he was a loyal and faithful servant of Allaah. So Allaah made him an ummah (solely) (a model; pattern; example for imitation; but the idea that he was an ummah himself, standing alone against his world, should not be lost sight of), and took him as a khaleel (friend). Allaah subhanahu wa ta`aala says (what means):

"Ibraheem was indeed a model, devoutly obedient to Allaah, and true in faith, and he joined not gods with Allaah."

Allaah also says what means:

"And Allaah did take Ibraheem as a friend." So, o callers to Islaam, answer the call of your father Ibraheem concerning mankind (what means):

"O my Lord, they have indeed led astray many among mankind, but whoever follows me, is verily of me, and whoever disobeys me – still you are indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Ibraheem 14:36)

Therefore, be patient, forbear, persevere, invite, despair not, and fear Allaah so that you may succeed.


 

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