Turning Our Negatives
"A burning ball of fire, an electric shock that conquers all,
a darkness, a mania, an explosion, a ripping of one’s heart. There are many expressions that we use to describe one
of the most primal and controlling emotions that humans experience—anger. One of the reasons why I am addressing anger
is because as Muslims experience more pain and oppression, the accumulation of unresolved anger has the potential of becoming
harmful to the person harboring it and to others," said psychotherapist Layla Asamarai in Anger in the Family. As we struggle
to find balance in our families and daily lives, what choices do we have to make?
Understanding and Transforming Hate
“Why do they hate us?” is the ten-million-dollar question since
the September 11 bombings four years ago. As friends and loved ones face an unprecedented level of Islamophobia and anti-Muslim
bias, we increasingly ask the same question: Why do they hate us?
For Muslims who tend to see ourselves as perpetual
victims in a world seemingly dominated and dictated by Western powers, the situation seems to keep getting worse. With every
suicide bombing, with every mention of a terrorist threat, Muslims living in the West are put on the defensive. However, there
are many positive signs and indications that things are changing for the better. For example, the historical fatwa passed
in both the United Kingdom and the United States condemning suicide bombing and terrorism in all their forms was monumental
in the way it drew wide support from across the Muslim world. The psychological value of such a message also helped Westerners
to see that the vast majority within Islam believe that it is truly and unequivocally a religion of peace and justice, and
not one of tribalism. Sheikh Sidi Karamali writes,
Muslims must side with the truth, not merely with other Muslims.
The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Help your brother, whether he is oppressing or oppressed.”
The Companions asked, “We shall help him if he is oppressed, but how can we help him if he is the oppressor?”
The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) replied, “Stop him [from his oppression]” (Bukhari).
It is not a matter of siding with Muslims or non-Muslims; it is a matter of siding with the truth. These are all Islamic principles
that are recognized by traditional scholars of Islam throughout the Islamic world. These principles are particularly important
for Muslims living in Western societies after the tragic events of 9/11.
To determine the appropriate way to respond
to rising levels of hatred and intolerance, we must first understand hatred in the light of truth. As the age-old adage tells
us, much of what human beings fear is due to ignorance. In the present case, however, I would argue that the query “Why
do they hate us?” is posed, not so much out of ignorance of “the other,” as much as it is from ignorance
of ourselves and how our shadow-self is perceived by “the other.” This is, perhaps, one important reason as to
why Allah constantly asks us to engage in self-examination and to take stock of ourselves and our deeds. Perhaps we do not
understand how we are perceived by those that hate us, and how they are perceived by us. Though we may see ourselves—in
our own minds—living lives of peace and dedication to God, others may perceive us (whether true or not) as living exclusionary,
backward lives of self-segregation and even violence and oppression. That is why we must always examine ourselves, our hearts,
and be tuned in to our intentions. Furthermore, until the walls of miscommunication and misunderstanding are broken down,
we can never know the truth of the matter in regard to how we are truly perceived by “the other.” There is no
substitute for communication, particularly in times of tension and trial.
What Is Allah Trying to Show Us?
Everything is from Him. This was one of the first lessons I learned
in Islam prior to my conversion six years ago. It is the peak of tawheed; simple, yet so important and powerful. Everything
is from Allah. When we attempt to understand our lives in this way, through the eyes of tawheed, with Allah as the ultimate
cause of everything ([Such is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of all things] [Ghafir 40:62]), quite naturally we will
seek understanding in our lives. We know Allah creates everything, we know Allah is the primary cause behind everything, and
we know that Allah is the Most Merciful and the source of ultimate good. Thus, with everything that occurs in our lives, might
we ask “what are we to learn, Lord, and how should we respond to that which You have willed?” From this vantage
point, we will naturally yearn to know what Allah wants us to do, which in fact we already have the answer for: to know Him.
Allah wants us to know Him, does it not make sense that the manifestation of severity and rigor is Allah’s way of calling
us back to Him and His all-pervading mercy and goodness? Could it be that the “whip” of severity is the Creator’s
way of reminding us of our ultimate purpose here? The Qur’an teaches us that there are three ways to know Allah: through
revelation (the Qur’an), through creation, and through the self:
In Islamic theological thought, a distinction
is always made between the divine Essence (dhat) and the divine Attributes (sifat). The divine Essence is what God is in Himself
which only God alone knows. The divine Attributes are the Names (asma') of God revealed in creation and in revelation (wahy)
or the Holy Koran. The Koran refers to its verses, phenomena in nature, and events within the human soul, as the ayat or 'signs'
of God. The natural ayat and the Koranic ayat complement and enhance each other in their function of manifesting the Truth;
all of which can lead the discerning man back to God (Morris).
One of the important roles that hardship plays in life
is to facilitate introspection, to help us look toward the inside and better understand our innermost selves and hearts. When
we experience tragedy or calamity, often the first thing we do is go inside ourselves, seeking understanding and solace. It
is an important soulful activity that must be done in order to fully realize our humanness. With the demise of traditional
psychology, however, also known as tasawwuf (or Sufism), there has been a serious neglect of the inner self within Islamic
discourse and education. Much attention is paid to the external self and legal aspects of religious life, yet multitudes of
us live in fear, illness, and uncertainty due to the ignorance of what lies within our hearts. As a counselor I know this
to be true from first-hand knowledge and experience working with Muslims.
Part of the self-surrendering to Allah (al-Islam),
therefore, must be to accept all of the Names of Allah, and to embrace all of the ways that He chooses to manifest Himself
in our lives, including those perceived as severe or harsh. Not being appreciative of the mercy of Allah in our lives and
merciful in our interactions with others will inevitably result in the experience of Allah’s wrath. For to be neglectful
in our role as the community of the Mercy to All the Worlds (Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him) is deserving
of a divine wake-up call.
[The good deed and the evil deed are
not alike. Repel the evil deed with one which is better, then lo! he, between whom and thee there was enmity (will become)
as though he was a bosom friend] (Fussilat 41:34).
Resilience is the unique ability to cope with hardship and trial.
The prophets of Allah, however, were not examples of resilience. They did not merely cope with the arduous tasks and trials
that they were given. They did not merely survive, they transformed. Transformation, not resilience, is what we need today
as Muslims. We need not only the ability, skills, and knowledge to cope with what is happening around and to us, but we must
use our resources to improve ourselves as well as those around us for universal betterment. This is the true Prophetic example.
wise man once said, “If you can see it in your heart you can transform it. If you can do that, you offer hope and mercy
for those that hate instead of more hatred.” You cannot simply hate haters; the result becomes an endless cycle
of hatred resulting in endless human misery and suffering. And it is a choice that Allah gives us whether to take that route
or not. The decision to hate back is not forced upon us. We are given the choice whether to hate or not; thus, the above ayah
from the Qur’an is about repelling evil with goodness.
The question, rather, is whether we can go deep inside
ourselves to address that shadow-self that hates? Can we “go there”? Do we dare face our demons, the part of us
that is the cause of our pain, fear, and confusion? That shadow that is none other than—dare I say—our own sense
of victimhood. The transformation of something of lesser value into something of greater value is called alchemy. The
ability to turn what is considered “evil” into something “good” is the product of understanding it
in its true sense and discovering its purpose on the path of spiritual development. A negative can be turned into a positive
if we surrender to it and seek its purpose. So it is with hatred. If we can see it and understand it, both within others and
our own selves, then we can transform it. If we cannot, it will destroy us. The former is an act of surrender to Truth, the
latter, a “covering up” of that Truth.
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was known to sometimes
pray with the following words: “O Allah, I seek refuge in You from You.” According to Twinch (1997):
may be that God sometimes manifests Himself to us under the aspect of rigor in order to make us turn to His Mercy. In this
way we seek God in His manifestation as the Merciful and try to avoid Him in His manifestation as the Avenger. Since God is
both the Avenger and the Merciful, protection is sought from the Most Merciful against the rigor of His Name the Avenger.
we can begin to understand the role of Allah’s manifestation of hardship and even evil in the world, to return us back
to His mercy and the path to it. This is evidenced by the hadith qudsi “My mercy overcomes My wrath.” Given the
manner that human beings are conducting themselves in the present age, it is no wonder that Allah continues to manifest Himself
more and more through the name Avenger.
Recently another tragic event struck as Hurricane Katrina ravaged the Gulf
Coast of the United States. Thousands have died, and property damage will be in the billions. Moreover, most of the dead and
displaced are poor minority Americans who had very little to begin with. In the wake of the destruction, I was so happy to
see that the American Muslim community pledged $10 million to help the victims of the hurricane. Despite the amount of Islamophobia,
hatred, and even in some cases violence that has occurred against the American Muslim community, Muslims came together for
the sake of their neighbors and fellow Americans and decided to tread the path of mercy. This is an example of the role that
Muslims can and should play at all times, particularly those of hardship, hatred, and difficulty—to point people to
Allah’s mercy and unity by being merciful. In reality, it is nothing more than being a good neighbor; however, it is
the basics such as being neighborly that allow mercy and goodness to take hold and spread. What may seem simplistic is often
the most effective approach. Only Allah can bring light out of darkness, however, which is why putting our trust in Him when
facing severity and trial must be our first order of business.
From this example, Muslims can begin to map out a
way toward dealing with and even repelling the prevailing hatred and Islamophobia that are gripping the West. The road
will not be easy and it will require much work and sacrifice. Primarily though, it will require modern Muslims to finally
idealize our faith—the way of righteousness, peace, and unity. For Islam is not a religion of exclusion; rather, it
is a religion of inclusion based on the unity and oneness of the Divine. That unity is all pervading and includes all of creation,
not only the part of creation that we deem to be “Muslim.” Bringing people together and bringing them to the straight
and immediate attainability of God’s oneness and mercy are the way that Islam has always succeeded in forging peace
and brotherhood. Now is the time to reclaim that heritage by being the “community of unity” and the only Ummah
that has the formula for forging ultimate peace and understanding between peoples.
Sidi Hamza. “Tariq Ramadan: What Would Traditional Sunni Scholars Say About Him?” Sunni Path. 2005. Accessed 8
Morris, Z. (1998). Rumi's View of Evil's. Crescentlife.com. Retrieved September 6, 2005 from: (Para. 8).
Cecilia. “The Beauty of Oneness Witnessed in the Emptiness of the Heart.” The Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society. 1997.
Accessed 8 Sept. 2005.
Justifying Irreligious Behavior Using Religion
People can manipulate religious teachings to say (or mean) virtually anything.
The practice is often done to further personal or group agendas. It is embedded deep within the very history of religions
themselves. In current times, its most notorious culprits are extremists who take advantage of the needy, oppressed, and ignorant
to justify terrorist acts on their behalf. Unknowingly, it is even done by many of us in our everyday lives to validate our
Some people even use religious teachings to justify “domestic terrorism,”
also known as domestic violence, or violence within the home. Psychologically and spiritually speaking, this practice is based
on the ego’s “hijacking” of religious knowledge to fulfill its own agenda of self-preservation. Violent
reactions to anger and frustration that could have multiple root causes are eventually released on the “weaker”
members of the household, usually wives and children. The twisting of religion to justify acts is the abuser’s way of
making it, dare I say, halal (permitted by Allah), at least in the abuser’s own head. Religion, thus becomes
the scapegoat. We often hear in Muslim communities, “well, the Qur’an says …” or, “the Prophet
said …” in a futile attempt to justify an abuser’s inability to effectively address his own problems.
Starting With the Self
The fair-minded individual knows that such behavior is the exact opposite of the
primordial purpose and function of religion, which is to purify the nafs (ego or lower self) and overcome such gross
perversions in the application of religion. Religion’s true aim is to unify in the spirit of truth and common
destiny, rather than to divide for the sake of oppression and domination. Religion is meant to show the way to resolve
conflicts within ourselves and between others, not to be used as a means of control and instilling fear in the very
people for whom we are responsible before God.
One of the most misunderstood areas of religion, particularly within Islamic
teachings, is relations between men and women. This misunderstanding exists despite the volumes that scholars have written
on this very important topic. The current article does not wish to gloss over the main points from existing scholarly treatment
of the subject, but rather add a modicum of understanding to one of the underlying issues, that is the role of the self and
its contribution to relationships.
It has been said that the ultimate battleground in life is the human self. As Ansari
We all have the deep yearning to know our selves. This yearning exists
because it is God's purpose through His creation to manifest Himself. We are created for this purpose. Whether or not this
seed, our innate desire for deep knowing, grows to fruition depends upon the strength of our individual inclination (called
himmah, or “willingness”) to listen to it and nurture it.
The point of Islam is peace, from internal to external. Yet, because we
often exist in a state of internal war (not at peace with Allah nor ourselves), we tend to take out that war on others. However,
a war against reality can never be won and can only result in enormous casualties. Often, those closest to us and those perceived
as weaker than us bear the brunt of this inner turmoil and frustration. Feelings of inferiority, powerlessness, purposelessness,
when not understood in Allah’s light, become sources of frustration, anger, and eventually hatred and oppression. When
our self-control and self-regulating abilities go, then we transgress; often in ways that are inconceivable. The perceived
weak among us (our women and children) are often the victims of this inner hostility and frustration. When the lion chooses
to roar inside the home as opposed to outside of it, the lambs within must face the fallout.
The Role of Culture in Perpetuating Negative Social Relations
What often adds fuel to this fire is culture. Culture
is often used as an excuse for wrongdoing and sometimes ugly, immoral behavior. Islam was sent to the world to purify, perfect,
and beautify culture, by showing humanity how to embrace the positive aspects of it and leave out the negative. However, because
the ego is so endeared to and proud of culture, we often excuse it as an unalterable truth that cannot nor should not be questioned.
In reality, culture is nothing more than ‘the beliefs and practices of our parents; something which Allah warns us in
the Qur’an, not to follow blindly. Often, culture is even idolized, in a way that blinds us to its negative
aspects. Without questioning the assumptions behind culture, without holding them up against the light of truth,
we run the risk of engaging, albeit unknowingly, in different forms of shirk (associating other beings or gods with
It is culture that often hinders us in the Muslim world. Certain
people even dare say that Islam is culture. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Islam is universally applicable
knowledge, values, principles, and practices that transcend culture, which is specific to a certain people and context and
makes no claims of upholding truth in any form. Islam acts on culture by forcing people to question it and its assumptions,
resulting in its betterment. Many great scholars, including the contemporary Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas, have written on
this danger of claiming that Islam is culture. According to Al-Attas:
Islam is not a form of culture, and its system of thought projecting its vision
of reality and truth and the system of value derived from it are not merely derived from cultural and philosophical elements
aided by science, but one whose original source is Revelation, confirmed by religion, affirmed by intellectual and intuitive
A culture can be Islamic in different ways and degrees, but as Al-Attas indicates,
Islam is certainly not culture. Islam’s source is Divine. Culture is only as good
as the knowledge that comprises it. It is the sum total of what a certain nation or society has, thinks, and does. Unless
it is infused with Divine knowledge and unless there is a critical mass of people who are at a level of awareness and consciousness
(such as walis or friends of Allah) who have the knowledge, courage, and strength to reject cultural elements that
are of no benefit to man, culture can perpetuate negative practices and ideas and even act as a barrier to positive reform.
Thus, when we start to believe that Islam is culture, suddenly any culture of Muslim peoples becomes sacred and impervious
to change, as it is seen as Islamic and thus divine. We then excuse ugly and often despicable cultural-based practices as
being “Islamic,” when, in fact, they completely go against the actual teachings and reality of Islam (such as
the practice of honor killings in certain societies).
There is no greater example of how a culture can become altered with the infusion
of divine knowledge and a critical mass of noble individuals than the advent of Islam in Arabia and how the Prophet (peace
and blessings be upon him) turned the pervading cultural assumptions and practices of the time on their proverbial heads.
However, despite all the gains made in the early days of Islam, in many ways we as Muslims have reverted to the days of Jahiliyyah
or pre-Islamic ignorance, particularly when it comes to male-female relations. In some ways, it is even worse.
Take, for example, the practice of justifying gang rape, incest, domestic abuse, and other forms of oppression and
violence through religion, even using the Qur’an and Prophet’s words themselves! This has to be one of
the most grotesque realities that exist within our Ummah, yet, it goes on. And often the scapegoat is so-called Islamic culture.
When the ego hijacks religion, as in the use of culture, we end up with religion
itself being used to justify behaviors that contradict it and its very spirit. It is a telltale sign of who our “God”
really is and who rules the “Makkah” of our hearts. The Makkah of the heart is meant to be cleansed of
all idols so that only Allah can dwell within. In such cases, there is no chance of our lower selves “hijacking”
religious knowledge to use for satanic causes. However, when our fears, desires, ambitions, insecurities, arrogance, and ignorance
take up permanent residence in our hearts, then Allah is not alone, He has partners (Ansari). Religion then becomes subjugated
by these idols and a tool for Satan himself to use at his discretion and to fulfill his purposes, rather than as a guiding
light and a path to Allah. As poignantly expressed by Richmond:
Unfortunately, many do not want to do the hard work of self-purification.
So, sad to say, they take up superficial religious sentiments as an unconscious way to hide their own fears of abandonment
and loneliness. Terrified of their own psychological darkness, they pervert religion into a desperate attempt to “feel
good” about themselves—to validate their pride and their perversions, not to cleanse their hearts and souls of
all that is unholy. They might act like pious members of their communities, but deep inside, some part of them holds a
dark resentment that the world has not given them the recognition that they secretly crave. And one way or another —through
disobedience, through terrorism, or through sexual scandal—their façade crumbles. They talked the talk all right, but
they didn’t know the first thing about real love (i.e. love of God). In fact, they feared love all along and were blind
to their own blindness. And so they were blind to genuine religion.
Self-Realization and Male-Female Relations
The mutual “work” that is required of each individual in Islam—
the jihad al-akbar—in which we all must engage throughout our life course, is the very foundation of the ideal
male-female relationship in Islam. Marriage, for example, in traditional spiritual teachings is often referred to as a mutually
supportive path toward self- and God-realization, where the goal is not the other, but God Himself. The role of the
relationship or partnership on this path is to support one another with tenderness, kindness, open communication, and strength
toward achieving the goal. The ideal is that each partner focuses on giving, not receiving, in the spirit of service.
This can only occur, however, if each partner understands that the relationship itself does not exist for the purpose of power,
subordination, or solely for the fulfillment of sensual desires. It is a truly spiritual partnership, where inherent differences
are acknowledged, respected, and appreciated, thus meeting in cooperation to further the mutual goal of achieving true love.
This difficult process, however, requires mutual commitment toward personal wholeness,
which can only be achieved through dedication to self- and God-realization. When men and women as individuals are complete
and whole, at peace with who they are, and filled with love of God, they have no need to seek another to complete themselves.
An ego-based notion of love (also known as romanticism), is nothing but a self-centered desiring that is “the dependent
ego searching for a reflection of its need in another’s willingness to support and gratify it. This form of relationship
is recognized by the experienced as the mutual gratification, support, and enabling of codependence,” (Ansari) that
means the attempt to complete ourselves through another. And what happens when we reach that point when we realize that the
“other” cannot complete us? Without understanding and the ability and desire to work through it, the results can
be frustration, disappointment, resentment, and even divorce (in the case of a marriage).
To be whole we have to realize that we already are whole. Allah created
us whole, yet it is through forgetfulness of who and what we really are, and from whom and where we came that prevents us
from realizing our true nature. Remember, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) informed us that every human being
is born pure and in a state of Islam. However, because we have been taught to forget, we go “looking” for love
in all the wrong places, so to speak. Thus, the path of (self) knowledge and remembrance of Allah is the path toward wholeness,
which is our natural state and the source of inner peace and tranquility.
Ansari, Ali. Ansari, A. 2005. The Psychology of Surrender . Accessed 1 Aug. 2005.
Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. “Islamic Philosophy: An Introduction.” The Journal of Islamic Philosophy, 1(1), 2004. Accessed
11 July 2005.
Richmond , Raymond
Lloyd. Spiritual Healing: A Guide to Psychology and It's Practices 1997–2005. Accessed 11 July 2005.